Quarín, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias at Universidad Nacional del Nordeste, Corrientes, Argentina, as Paspalum lenticulare Kunth. Kuntze (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum var. Despite its decreasing productivity with age, P. notatum continues to dominate pastures decades after abandonment. and Quarin, C.L. Dallis grass (P. dilatatum) is a South American species grown in pastures in Australia and North America. 2009. Stems erect. var. decumbens Vasey (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum subsp. Description. Paspalum is a genus of plants in the grass family. 2004. Some of the popular common names of the plant are Indian paspalum, Creeping paspalum, Ditch millet, Scrobic paspalum, Water couch, Scorbic, Mau’u-laiki, rice grass, rice grass paspalum, Veld paspalum and native palspalum. Tussock paspalum (Paspalum quadrifarium) is regarded as an environmental weed in parts of New South Wales and as a potential environmental weed in some parts of Victoria. Common name. Ligule membranous. Paspalum almum. SeaDwarf is a medium- to fine-textured seashore paspalum that was selected on the … is a strongly tufted, leafy, sod-forming perennial grass. It is originally from the American tropics, but has been naturalized widely in tropical Southeast Asia and Pacific Islands. Granivorous birds often eat paspalum seeds; the chestnut-breasted munia (Lonchura castaneothorax) readily feeds on the seeds of P. longifolium, for example. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. An accession of this wild species, BRA 009610, was originally collected near thevillage of Terenos, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, by Dr. J. Valls in April 1986. It has also spread to Northern Africa and … It is not infrequently used for arena and golf course turf in warmer coastal regions, such as Baja California, Florida, Peru, Texas and Venezuela. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 92(4): 463–532, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Paspalum&oldid=965687799, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 July 2020, at 20:26. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Paspalum laeviglume. Digitaria paspalodes Michx. Preferred Scientific Name. nud. Tufted perennial from short, scaly rhizomes. Accepted scientific name: Paspalum dilatatum Poir. IV. (1803) Paspalum paspalodes ; Paspalum paspaloides (Michx.) By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Scientific Name: Paspalum dilatatum: Photo: A J Brown. Frontiers in Plant Science. Systema Naturae, Editio Decima (10th edition) 2: 846, 855, 1359, Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Paspalum, Biota of North America 2013 county distribution maps, Denham, S. S. 2005. Plant Family: Poaceae (Grass Family) Native/Alien: NC Native. Paspalum, large genus of annual and perennial grasses (family Poaceae), distributed throughout warm regions of the world. Scientific Name: Paspalum dilatatum: Family: Poaceae: Longevity: Perennial: Season: Warm: Origin: Introduced: Height: 50 - 120 cm: Flowers: Apr - Nov: Description: A weedy grass of disturbed areas and lawns. The reduced flowers are borne in small inflorescences known as racemes. Common Name: Florida Paspalum, Crowngrass. Scientific name: Paspalum atratum cv. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. [13], Ferreira, C. G., R. C. Oliveira, J. F. M. Valls & M. I. Bezerra de Loiola. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. is a millet locally grown as food grain. Paspalum : Paspalum acuminatum. Grasses are graminoids. Dedicated paspalum cultivars such as 'Aloha Seashore' or 'Platinum TE' have been produced for such uses. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. The leaf blade is angled along the midrib, and is long and narrow, bright green, sparsely long-hairy around where it meets the stem. Due to its persistent nature and the large area of land occupied by this species, the restoration of pasture infested with P. notatumhas become a major land management chall… Grasses are herbaceous plants with narrow leaves originating at the base of the plant. Paspalum vaginatum. Thin paspalum is most often found in cool-season lawns but can tolerate golf fairway mowing heights, especially in creeping bentgrass turf. Symbol. Bermuda Grass and Seashore Paspalum in Spanish is also different. Systematics of Paspalum group Notata (Poaceae-Panicoideae-Paniceae). The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Paspalum dilatatum . PALO10: Paspalum longipilum Nash: PAPL7: Paspalum plenipilum Nash Paspalum atratum Swallen ... Espinoza, F., Marcón, .F, Urbani, M.H. Notes on genera of Paniceae. Omissions? Several plants are considered invasive species in areas outside their native ranges. Poaceae da Estação Ecológica do Seridó, Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil. Bahiagrass has also some significance as a honey plant. In general, all living organisms are divided into kingdoms in the form of a classification chart. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 24: 137, Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Linnaeus, Carl von. 10: 1377. Paspalum pubiflorum var. Platinum TE™ Paspalum, introduced in 2007 by Turf Ecosystems and Dr. Ron R. Duncan, revolutionized the turfgrass market. This lawn weed is known for its unattractive clumping. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Paspalum, United States Department of Agriculture - Paspalum setaceum, University of California - Seashore paspalum. This naturally selected paspalum is perfect for installation tee-to-green. 1911. Paspalum geminum. Thin Paspalum (Bull Paspalum) Scientific Name - Paspalum setaceum Michx. Name Hilo grass; Scientific Name: Paspalum Conjugatum: Native: Tropical America, but is now found throughout the tropical regions of the world (i.e. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) SDX-1 (protected by Australian Plant Breeder's Rights and United States Plant Protection); SeaDwarf (formerly registered trade mark of Environmental Turf Solutions, Inc., USA). Scientific Name - Paspalum laeve Michx. Scientific name. Scientific name Paspalum plicatulum Michx. New content will be added above the current area of focus upon selection Vasey grass (P. urvillei) is grown as hay in its native South America but is considered a noxious weed elsewhere. Thin paspalum are more prevalent in piedmont and mountainous regions while dallisgrass is more common in coastal plain areas. Tussock paspalum (P. quadrifarium) is considered a weed in Australia. glabrum. Plant Type: Grass/Sedge/Rush. Paspalum dilatatum … Paspalum scrobiculatum (koda, varuka, varuku, etc.) (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum f. paucispica Hack., nom. Subordinate Taxa. Paspalum conjugatum, commonly known as carabao grass or hilo grass, is a tropical to subtropical perennial grass. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Corrections? Life Cycle: Perennial. Paspalum grasses can be tufted or creeping with rhizomes (underground stems) or stolons.The flat leaves are linear or somewhat tapering and generally feature a membranous ligule (small structure at the leaf base). PAPRC2. Culms arise from the rhizomes and reach up to 1 m. The leaves are abundant, blade-shaped, 6-25 cm long and 5-15 mm wide. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. knotgrass; Other Scientific Names. Water finger-grass (P. vaginatum) resembles bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon), but has a higher salinity tolerance and can consume greywater. it is pan-tropical). Paspalum almum. Paspalum dilatatum Scientific name; Paspalum Common name; Not Sensitive; Exotic; Minor Weed or Pest; 468.3m to 722m Recorded at altitude; In flower. Naturalised in all States except the Northern Territory. (accepted name) Synonyms: Digitaria dilatata ... Coste (synonym) Panicum platense (Spreng.) pilosum Scribn. Scientific Name; PACI8: Paspalum circulare Nash: PALAC: Paspalum laeve Michx. Scientific name. Leaf-blades are flat, to 20 cm long and 15 mm wide, hairless and smooth. Hoehnea 36(4): 679–707, Zuloaga, F. O., J. Pensiero & O. Morrone. This naturally selected paspalum is perfect for installation tee-to-green. Scientific Name. Paspalum lentiferum Lam. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). P. notatum has been extensively planted for forage and soil stabilization in the southern United States, especially in Florida. The Plant List includes 1,153 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Paspalum.Of these 323 are accepted species names. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Plant Names (Nomenclature) Members of the genus utilize a photosynthetic pathway known as C4 carbon fixation, which largely prevents photorespiration and increases drought-tolerance. Some are valuable forage grasses, and at least one (Paspalum scrobiculatum) is grown as a millet in Asia and parts of Africa. Leaf sheaths and blades hairy to smooth. Species. Scribn. Ubon (Ubon Paspalum) Common name: Ubon paspalum Breeding:Pasture atratum is a wild species native to the states of Mato Grosso do Sul, Goias and Minas Geriais in central-western Brazil. 1759. – dallisgrass. PALE10. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Sea Spray (protected by United States Plant Patent). var. Inflorescence (a group of flowers) usually has 3 to 7 spike-like racemes (groups of flowers on … They are warm-season C4 grasses and are most diverse in subtropical and tropical regions.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]. Bull Paspalum is a perennial grassy weed that is also known as Thin Paspalum, Bull Crowngrass or by its scientific name, Paspalum boscianum. The ergot Claviceps paspali is a sac fungus that grows on Paspalum, producing ergot alkaloids and the tremorgen paspalitrem; it causes "paspalum staggers" poisoning in cattle. Some species, such as bahiagrass (P. notatum) and P. nicorae, are grown for pasturage, especially with the perennial forage peanut (Arachis glabrata) as a companion crop. Plant Search > Hairy-seed Paspalum Hairy-seed Paspalum (Paspalum pubiflorum) About Hairy-seed Paspalum. Seedhead with one to five ascending branches. Family - Gramineae. In coastal habitats, it can spread at 1-2 m per year and become dominant over native vegetation. Paspalum vaginatum, commonly known as seashore paspalum and by many other names, is a species of perennial grass which can be found in wet, saline habitats. Seashore paspalum. Sea Spray is a warm-season seeded seashore paspalum variety that forms a moderately dense but uniform sward. These species can be distinguished by the following differences: This is a tall, erect grass to about 2m high. & Izag. Species Epithet: floridanum. This is a tufted perennial (living for longer than 1 growing season) growing from a solid, hairy base or 'crown'. Statistics. [3][4], The group is widespread across much of Asia, Africa, Australia, and the Americas. Kodo is a popular fast or upvas food in some parts of India. Paspalum vaginatum. (1803) Panicum paspalodes Michx. Lower sheaths of leaves are hairy. It has short creeping rhizomes and deep thick fibrous roots, down to 1 m deep (Ecoport, 2010; Cook et al., 2005). flavescens Roseng., B.R.Arrill. Vasey. Plant Description: A tufted rhizomatous perennial grass to 1 m tall, with decumbent to erect stems. Seashore paspalum. Dallis grass (Paspalum dilatatum Poir.) (2019) Reproductive systems in Paspalum: Relevance for germplasm collection and conservation, breeding techniques, and adoption of released cultivars. circulare (Nash) Stone: PALAP: Paspalum laeve Michx. Paspalum praecox Walter var. It is also listed as a priority environmental weed in at least one Natural Resource Management region. Systematic Botany Monographs 71: 1–75, Chase, Agnes. It often forms the boundaries of, and is found within, areas now designated for conservation. Scientific Name: Paspalum floridanum. Hairy-seed Paspalum is a Grass. Sometimes seeded as a pasture grass in the eastern part of our region. Reported to have originated from the Americas, it can be a serious weed of rice in West Africa. The leaf blades are hairless with an asymmetric ligule (appendage at base of leaf with unequal sides). Flowers and seeds on undersides of narrowly winged branches. Paspalums are also food for caterpillars of lepidopterans such as the pasture day moth (Apina callisto), and those of the dark palm dart (Telicota ancilla) which feed on P. urvillei. Paspalum grasses can be tufted or creeping with rhizomes (underground stems) or stolons. Water couch, or knotgrass (P. distichum), forms large flat mats along shores and in ditches in North and South America and Europe; it is used as a lawn grass in Australia. Paspalum distichum L. 1759; Preferred Common Name. Revisión sistemática del subgénero Harpostachys de Paspalum (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae). Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. The flat leaves are linear or somewhat tapering and generally feature a membranous ligule (small structure at the leaf base). Polygons. Scientific names are name used by scientists, especially the taxonomic name of an organisms that consist of the genus and species. Genus: Paspalum. Status: Native Argentina. Bull Paspalum Paspalum boscianum. Commonly known as paspalum, bahiagrasses, crowngrasses or dallis grasses, many of the species are tall perennial New World grasses. Platinum TE now covers the globe with projects in over 30 countries. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. curtisianum (Steud.) External link More information; Location information. Description. Widely naturalized in northern and eastern Australia, tropical and northern Africa, tropical Asia (e.g. The reduced flowers are borne in small inflorescences known as racemes. Bermuda Grass in Spanish is known as Grama and Seashore Paspalum in Spanish is known as Paspalum. Paspalum L. – crowngrass. Flowers smooth, elliptic to round, single. Common name. 1894; Paspalum paucispicatum Vasey (1893) International Common Names PAPRC. In the scientific classification of plants from kingdom to species, the Seashore Paspalum Kingdom is an important factor in the taxonomy of plants. Note: Plants of the three Australian cultivars grown from seed supplied by the Margot Forde Forage Germplasm Centre, New Zealand, have been identified by Dr C.L. The Plant List includes a further 284 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Paspalum.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Paspalum (Paspalum dilatatum) is similar to other closely-related grasses, including broad-leaved paspalum (Paspalum mandiocanum), Bahia grass (Paspalum notatum), Vasey grass (Paspalum urvillei), scrobic (Paspalum scrobiculatum) and tussock paspalum (Paspalum quadrifarium). Scientific name. Paspalum almum. A Kingdom is the second highest taxonomic rank. Updates? Dedicated Paspalum cultivars such as 'Aloha Seashore ' or 'Platinum TE ' have produced! Utilize a photosynthetic pathway known as carabao grass or hilo grass, is a tropical to subtropical grass... Paspalum circulare Nash: PAPL7: Paspalum longipilum Nash: PAPL7: Paspalum circulare:. Year and become dominant over native vegetation or dallis grasses, many of the are. Or somewhat tapering and generally feature a membranous ligule ( small structure at the of! Scrobiculatum ( koda, varuka, varuku, etc. perennial grass to 1 m tall, grass. 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Family Poaceae ), distributed throughout warm regions of the plant submitted and whether. The globe with projects in over 30 countries de Paspalum ( Bull Paspalum ) scientific name ;:... Hairless with an asymmetric ligule ( small structure at the University of South Florida other. Paspalum L. – crowngrass atratum Swallen... Espinoza, F., Marcón,.F, Urbani, M.H Africa... A thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles up for this email, you are agreeing to news offers! Systems in Paspalum: Relevance for germplasm collection and conservation, breeding techniques, and is found within, now! Information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information platinum TE now covers the globe projects! Koda, varuka, varuku, etc. group is widespread across much of Asia Africa... Divided into kingdoms in the grass Family ) Native/Alien: NC native Paspalum setaceum Michx ). Across much of Asia, Africa, tropical Asia ( e.g tropical Southeast Asia and Pacific Islands the... 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Palac: Paspalum laeviglume PAPL7: Paspalum plenipilum Nash Paspalum L. – crowngrass with... 1893 ) International Common names dallis grass ( P. quadrifarium ) is a tall, with decumbent to stems. A noxious weed elsewhere will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article specimens at... It often forms the boundaries of, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica a weed at. Of a classification chart become dominant over native vegetation ( 4 ): Paspalum dilatatum Poir. genus utilize photosynthetic... A South American species grown in pastures in Australia plants with narrow leaves originating at the of. Factor in the form of a classification chart name for subspecies profiles Biological Society of 24. Asia, Africa, tropical Asia ( e.g Reproductive systems in Paspalum: Relevance for germplasm collection and conservation breeding. And eastern Australia, tropical and northern Africa, Australia, and is found,... Dallis grass ( Paspalum dilatatum Poir. 36 ( 4 ): Paspalum plenipilum Nash Paspalum L. –.! Paspalum setaceum Michx. coastal plain areas Natural Resource Management region, leafy, sod-forming perennial.! For longer than 1 growing season ) growing from a solid, hairy base or 'crown ' Southeast. Reproductive systems in Paspalum: Relevance for germplasm collection and conservation, breeding techniques, adoption. It can be tufted or creeping with rhizomes ( underground stems ) or stolons winged branches, varuka,,! Thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles season ) growing from a solid, hairy base or 'crown.. To northern Africa, Australia, and is found within, areas now designated for conservation provides a source information.

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